ADAPT Methodology® Blog

Sprint Planning: Paving the Path for Agile Success

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In the dynamic world of software development, sprint planning emerges as a critical ceremony, setting the stage for fruitful sprints and successful project outcomes.


Sprint planning is a mandatory ritual in a project-to-product transformation because it facilitates a structured environment where teams can focus on prioritized tasks for a given period, typically two to four weeks. This ritual allows teams to break down large and often complex products into smaller, manageable pieces, promoting a steady pace of delivery and encouraging incremental improvements based on real feedback.


Moreover, sprint planning ensures that all stakeholders, including the product owner and the development team, have a shared understanding of the goals and the scope of work for the upcoming sprint, fostering collaboration and alignment. It aids in risk mitigation by identifying potential blockers early in the process and setting realistic expectations regarding what can be achieved.


Overall, sprint planning is pivotal in nurturing a responsive, agile, and productive working environment that is central to the successful transition from project to product.


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What is Sprint Planning?

Sprint planning is a crucial event in the Scrum framework where the Scrum team comes together to outline the work that will be undertaken in the next sprint. It is here that the objectives are set, and a detailed plan is crafted, ensuring a cohesive vision and actionable roadmap for the team.

Participants and Their Roles

In sprint planning, the participation of every Scrum team member is vital. Here we explore the roles each member plays:


Product Owner

The Product Owner comes equipped with a prioritized product backlog, ready to clarify details and answer questions, facilitating a successful planning session.


Scrum Master

The Scrum Master facilitates the meeting, ensuring that the objectives are clear, and the team has a conducive environment for a fruitful discussion.


Development Team

The development team actively participates, negotiating the scope of the sprint and committing to a feasible number of tasks.

Key Elements of Sprint Planning

A successful sprint planning hinges on addressing two key questions:


What can be Done?

Here, the team reviews the product backlog items and selects a feasible number of tasks that align with the sprint’s goal.


How will the Chosen Work Get Done?

This involves breaking down selected items into smaller tasks and defining a clear action plan, ensuring everyone on the team knows their responsibilities.

Navigating Common Hurdles in Sprint Planning

Despite meticulous planning, agile teams often encounter hurdles. Here, we address common challenges and strategies to overcome them:


Scope Creep

Teams sometimes find the sprint backlog expanding mid-sprint, diverting from the original plan. Maintaining a well-defined sprint goal and encouraging team discipline can help avoid scope creep.


Underestimation of Tasks

Underestimating the time and effort needed for tasks can lead to overcommitments. Leveraging historical data and fostering open communication can help in accurate estimations.

Best Practices for Sprint Planning

Ensuring a fruitful sprint planning involves adhering to some best practices:


Adequate Preparation

Come prepared with a refined product backlog to ensure a smooth and efficient planning session.


Time-Box the Meeting

Maintain a strict timeframe to keep the meeting focused and prevent burnout.


Foster Collaboration

Encourage open dialogue and collaboration to cultivate a shared understanding and ownership of the sprint’s objectives.


Continuous Backlog Grooming

Regular grooming of the product backlog ensures that it remains prioritized and up-to-date, facilitating smoother sprint planning sessions.


Encouraging Active Participation

Ensuring that every team member actively contributes to the planning process fosters a collaborative and inclusive environment.


Flexibility and Adaptability

While it’s essential to adhere to the plan, maintaining flexibility to adapt to changes is crucial in agile environments.


Metrics to Measure Sprint Planning Effectiveness

Identifying the right metrics to measure the effectiveness of sprint planning is critical. Here we delineate the pivotal metrics:



This metric tracks the amount of work completed in each sprint, providing insights into the team’s capacity and aiding in future planning.


Burndown Chart

The burndown chart visually represents the amount of work remaining in a sprint, helping to track progress and identify any potential roadblocks early on.

Effective Sprint Planning Scrum Meeting

In Scrum, teams plan by picking up Stories from the product backlog. Afterward, they commit to a set of them for execution in the upcoming sprint.


It is a ScrumMaster´s responsibility to make sure that the event takes place and that the attendants understand the reason for the event.


The ScrumMaster will teach the team to stay within the time box.


By the end of the meeting (outcome) the team will have:

  • The sprint backlog consists of the stories the team committed for the next sprint. In an optimal scenario, these stories will have acceptance criteria.
  • The Sprint Goals
  • An agreement by the team to do what is possible to achieve the goals. The word commitment was removed in the last Scrum Guide. In my personal view, this was a great move.

The objective of the Sprint Planning Meeting is to organize the work and define a realistic scope for the next sprint.


Teams agree on a number of stories they can pull from the backlog. Of course, they must take the availability of team members into consideration. After agreeing on what they will take from the backlog, they define the Sprint Goal(s) together with the Product Owner.


Sometimes it is necessary to make some adjustments to achieve a larger purpose.


The team capacity is based on the story´s complexity, size, and dependencies on other stories and other teams. We all try to get teams to have an end-to-end responsibility. Unfortunately, the reality is a bit different, and it is quite common to have several dependencies on other teams.

Pre-Requirements for an Effective Sprint Planning Scrum Meeting

Before the meeting, the Product Owner should prepare some draft of the upcoming Sprint Goals.


Usually, part of this task is done in the Grooming session. Another important part is to be aligned with other Product Owners in case the team has dependencies on others.


It is very frustrating for team members when Product Owners come to a meeting asking for work that cannot be done because of external dependencies.


It is not only the Product Owner that must do his homework. Team members must be prepared too. It's common to have some research tasks (spikes) that must be done before the Sprint Planning. These tasks usually answer questions related to architecture or future implementations.

Guidelines for an Effective Sprint Planning Scrum Meeting


An example of a Daily Scrum Meeting agenda:

  • The team determines the velocity available for the Sprint
  • If you use #NoEstimates, the team determines the number of stories they achieved in the past (per sprint) and how many stories they could achieve based on their capacity
  • The Product Owner presents the Sprint goals; the team discusses and agrees on the goals
  • Personally, I find the previous topic a bit top-down approach :) I prefer asking the team for the Goal, of course with the right guidance from the Product Owner
  • The team discusses each story. For each story, the team:
  • Sizes each story in story points and splits them if necessary
  • If you use #NoEstimates break the story until the team is comfortable delivering the story up to two days
  • Elaborates acceptance criteria through conversation
  • Based on size and value/time/risk, the PO may re-rank stories
  • Some teams break the stories into tasks, estimated in hours
  • Planning stops once the team runs out of points
  • The team and PO negotiate and finalize the selected stories
  • Everyone commits to the Sprint goals

Sprint Planning Meeting

Usually, the Product Owner starts the meeting by reviewing the proposed Sprint goals. During the meeting, the team discussed the implementation and different options. In this meeting, the Product Owner is responsible for defining the what; the team defines how and how much.


During the meeting, the team elaborates on the acceptance criteria (together with the Product Owner) and estimates the effort to complete each story. 

Based on their velocity, the team then selects the candidate stories. Many teams break each story down into tasks and estimate them in hours to confirm that they have the capacity and skills to complete them.


As soon as the team capacity has been established, the team turns their attention to understanding and agreeing on one or more sprint goals.


The product owner and team agree on the final list of stories that will be achieved. The sprint goals are then revisited and restated. The entire team commits to the sprint goals, and the scope of the work remains fixed for the duration of the sprint.


It is very important to mention that most of the time teams are overconfident. They tend to pick more stories than what they were able to achieve in previous sprints. As a Scrum Master challenge them. Usually, they are not going to make it. This can lead to frustration and disappointment.


Sprint planning stands as a sentinel at the inception of every sprint, delineating the pathway for the team’s efforts over the coming weeks. This collaborative and strategic ceremony is more than just a planning exercise; it is the cornerstone of Agile success, paving the way for productive sprints characterized by clarity, direction, and a shared vision.


As Agile teams navigate the intricacies of sprint planning, they lay down solid foundations for sprints replete with innovation, efficiency, and value-driven outcomes. In the dynamically evolving landscape of project management, sprint planning emerges not just as a ceremony, but a catalyst for Agile success, steering teams towards a trajectory of innovation and excellence, one sprint at a time.


As we forge ahead in the agile narrative, sprint planning emerges as a ceremony rich with potential, a realm where foresight meets strategy, and collaboration meets excellence. It stands as a beacon guiding agile teams in crafting sprints that are not just periods of work but symphonies of collaborative success, creating harmonious echoes in the agile cosmos, resonating with the spirit of innovation, and driving towards a future punctuated with agile excellence.

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